The first income tax for the union of south africa was introduced in 1914 under the income tax act 28 of 1914. It came into being on 31 may 1910 with the unification of the cape colony, the natal colony, the transvaal, and the orange river colony. Map of south africa since 1815 and up to the formation of the union of south africa, subtitled kaffir and boer wars. Christopher urban racial residential segregation in south africa is complex and bound up with urban origins and development. This is to say that draft laws, such as language policy and the denial of the franchise to black south africans, as well as the eventual form the union of south africa were now finalised. Prior to the inception of the union of south africa in 1910, each of the four provincial legislatures had enacted statutory forms of the crime of housebreaking. The union of south africa becomes an independent dominion within the british empire in may 1910. This article examines the crucial period between 1902 and 1910 in south africas political history. It is a the first draft of a chapter that will appear under a similar title but in muchchanged form in caroline davis and david johnson eds. The first accounts of this pioneering research were published in seventh and eighth reports of the director. Politcal features making of modern south africa 1890. The period 1909 to 1910 covers the independence period and is essentially the origin of the constitutional development of south africa. Just eight years earlier, both men had been generals in krugers army. World war ii, britain increasingly shared that burden of political and economic leadership.
It was the work of white delegates who represented white electorates, less than onefifth of the population of the new country to a national conventionmeeting variously at durban, cape town, and. African interests and the south africa act, 19081910 volume issue 1 ronald hyam. The act also made provisions for admitting rhodesia as a fifth province of the union in the future, but rhodesian colonists rejected this option in a referendum held in 1922. Please note the terminology used to describe the different groups of people in south africa is based on south. What factors led to the union of south africa in 1910. In 1910, the south africa act was passed in britain granting dominion to the white minority over native african, asiatic mostly indian and coloured and other mixed races.
The approval by the british parliament of the south africa act liquidated the last obstacles to the establishment of the union, and on may 31, 1910, the establishment of a new state, the. General louis bothas south african party won a majority in the 1910 general election of the union south african, with louis botha a boer leader in the angloboer war becoming the first prime minister of the union of south africa 19101919. How did the union of south africa come to be dominated for almost a hundred years by a white minority. Pdf international aspects of the creation of union of. It focuses on the particular roles played by a small group of elite politicians in the formation of union, including generals louis botha and jan. The annals of south africa 311 the development of railroads in south africa showed greatest rapidity during the decade from 1900 to 1910. Into the deep blue the 2014 scott classic specialized 18401940 catalogue has, for union of south africa 19101952, 237 major descriptions. Formation of the union of south africa, 1910 allrefer. British supremacy in the south african war 18991902 provoked different responses from english and afrikaner white south africans to world war. South africa act, act of 1909 that unified the british colonies of the cape colony.
Journal of historical geography, 14, 2 1988 151169 roots of urban segregation. Accepting the fact that english speakers would never constitute a majority in white south africa, the liberal government sought to come to terms with the afrikaner. It came into being on 31 may 1910 with the unification of the cape colony. Print culture and imagining the union of south africa. These income tax acts in the cape and natal colonies were abolished when the union of south africa was established lieberman, 2003. The above images are some of the gems of union philately we have handled or currently own. Print culture and imagining the union of south africa david johnson, english department, the open university please do not cite or quote from this paper. Union of south africa synonyms, union of south africa pronunciation, union of south africa translation, english dictionary definition of union of south africa. It came about 8 years after the end of the boer war 18991902, and was a move to try to reconcile the differences between the. As such, it was the first of the independence medals instituted in. The provinces of the union were called, respectively, as the cape province, the natal province, the transvaal province, and. This act brought the colonies and republics cape colony, natal, transvaal and orange free state together as the union of south africa. This period was characterised by the enactment of the south africa act by the british parliament, establishing an independent union of south africa comprising the territories of cape colony, orange free state. Copyright adam yamey, 2015 union this is an extract from a work in progress.
The union of south africa 1910 south african history online. On may 31, 1910, the union of south africa was formed under british dominion. This site is like a library, use search box in the widget to get ebook that you want. Union of south africa medal print email the union of south africa commemoration medal was instituted in 1910 to mark the opening of the first union parliament by the duke of connaught and strathearn in 1910. The union of south africa was born on may 31, 1910, created by a constitutional convention in durban in 1908 and an act of the british parliament 1909.
How the 1910 act of union in south africa affected the. Pdf mycotoxicological research in south africa 19102011. The statistics for mileage operated are as follows. Prior to 1910 and the unification of the various provinces and independent territories in the union of south africa, there were several independent systems of superior courts. Stapleton in 1914, the union of south africa was four years old. National convention in 1908 it was held between the afrikaans and the british. Segregation, 1910 48 building the legal structure of racial discrimination. The british parliament passes the south africa act in september 1909. On may 31, 1910, the union of south africa became an accomplished fact. It included the territories that were formerly a part of the south.
Union of south africa simple english wikipedia, the free. On the 31 may 1910, exactly eight years after the boers had made peace with the english through the treaty of vereeniging, south africa became. Africa from the decade between the south african war 18991902 and the moment of union 1910 novels, histories, newspapers, as well as more. Several pieces of legislation marked the establishment of the union of south africa as a state in which racial discrimination received official sanction. Killed in 1906, but never the less he was still supported by the zulus. This is not completely true, as british imperialism was chiefly concerned with expanding its territory in southern africa, in so doing enforcing. The union of south africa is the historical predecessor to the presentday republic of south africa. Date miles of railway a government owned total dec. It relates to the involvement of my greatgrandfather franz ginsberg franz. In so doing these offences provided an alternative basis of criminal. The 1910 union of south africa national flag competition. South africa formation of the union of south africa, 1910. Union of south africa came into being on 31 may 1910.
The four provinces of cape colony, natal, the orange free state which bears again. Statutes of the union of south africa 1910 download. Jan smuts, also a boer leader in the angloboer war, became bothas minister of defence. It came into being on 31 may 1910 with the unification of the previously separate colonies of the cape, natal, transvaal and the orange river colony. Disunion of the four constituent colonies of southern africa, it was felt by leading personalities such as richard feetham 18741965 and lord selborne 1859. In other words, 90 descriptions are for the usual one stamp, while 147 descriptions are actually ab. The union of south africa was the establishment of south africa as an independent country free of british governance. Into the deep blue the 2014 scott classic specialized 18401940 catalogue has, for union of south africa 1910 1952, 237 major descriptions. The new southern african customs union agreement africa region working paper series no. Prior to the inception of the union of south africa in. South africa, 18151910 university of south florida. The afrikaaners were in a position to gain control of the south african government the afrikaaner political parties joined to form a bigger south african national party np. It relates to the involvement of my great grandfather franz ginsberg franz. And, of major importance, 147 of these descriptions are for pairs which break down to an english single a subtype and an afrikaans single b subtype.
Parliamentary elections were held on september 15, 1910, and the south african party sap headed by louis botha and james hertzog won 67 out of seats in the house of assembly. It was formed on 31 may 1910 when the british cape colony and the natal colony unified with the defeated boer republics of the south african republic and the orange free state. South africa reconstruction, union, and segregation. African interests and the south africa act, 19081910. In may 1910, louis botha became the first prime minister of the newly established union of south africa, a dominion of the british empire, and jan smuts became his deputy. The map is colorcoded to show the political stance in 1899 and the territory embraced in the union of south africa in 1910, including british control of rhodesia, the cape colony, bechuanaland, basuto, and natal, the territory of german southwest africa, the.
That is the obvious but haunting question squarely faced in this remarkable historical survey by dr. Officially by the act of union, south africa became one country under one central government on may 31, 1910. Click download or read online button to get statutes of the union of south africa 1910 book now. The union of south africa came into being based on the south africa act that was. The south africa act of 1909 could be considered as an empowering of the decisions reached at the national convention of 1908 by the british parliament. Pdf unification of south africa 1910 adam yamey academia. Following the first world war, the union of south africa was granted the administration of the german southwest africa colony as a league of nations. Union of south africa definition of union of south.
The south africa act 1909 was an act of the british parliament which created the union of south africa from the british colonies of the cape of good hope, natal, orange river colony, and transvaal. South africa south africa reconstruction, union, and segregation 190229. The union of south africa is the historic predecessor to the modernday republic of south africa. These were not intended to override the commonlaw version of the crime, but rather to supplement it. The politicking behind the scenes for the formation of the union of south africa allowed the foundations of apartheid to be laid. The union of south africa south africa act, 1909 this act was passed through both houses of the imperial parliament exactly as it was forwarded after the south african convention was held. General louis botha formed a government as prime minister on may 31, 1910. South africa act, act of 1909 that unified the british colonies of the cape colony, natal, transvaal, and orange river see orange free state and thereby established the union of south africa. South africa formally achieved its independence from britain on may 31, 1910. Established in 1910, a predecessor state to presentday south africa, which unified four british coloniesthe cape, natal, transvaal and orange riverand annexed territory from boer republics. In the three decades from the foundation of the union of south africa to. Whereas by proclamation of his excellency the acting lieutenantgovernor of the transvaal, no. It was exactly eight years after the signing of the treaty of vereeniging, which had brought the second angloboer war to an end.
The union of south africa south africa act, 1909 this. Pretoria becomes the administrative capital of the new nation, while the legislative capital as the seat of parliament is cape town. South africa union cape town 1910 orange free state arch. The union of south africa is the historic predecessor to the presentday republic of south africa.1138 649 461 841 307 593 145 932 642 317 794 615 781 466 577 819 694 543 520 1499 1191 697 14 1549 739 293 1308 41 810 401 518